Perth’s History

Perth 200th anniversary history

This is Gore Street looking Southward. The Hardware store is now Perth Home Furniture and you can see the Bank of Montreal building on the far left (photo courtesy of Perth Museum Collection).

The Rideau Military Settlements were born out of concern for the defense of Upper Canada from invasion by the United States.

The War of 1812 had revealed the vulnerability of the thin line of settlement along the St. Lawrence River between Montreal and Kingston. Perth was designed to direct people to the interior and was accomplished through government sponsored military settlement and assisted immigration.

The 200th Anniversary celebrations taking place in Drummond/North Elmsley, Beckwith, Tay Valley townships and the town of Perth also offer us an opportunity to reflect on the relationship between settlers, immigrants and First Nations people going back beyond the 200th anniversary year of 1816 to the time of first contact.

The original townships surveyed for the Perth Military Settlement in 1816 were not located on the Rideau Lakes or Rideau River but were part of the Tay watershed located in Bathurst, Drummond, parts of Sherbrooke and Beckwith townships.

Perth Ontario 200th Anniversary

Perth, Ontario in the winter (photo courtesy of Perth Museum Collection)

Perth was founded in 1816 as a military settlement and has grown and changed over the 200 years, which is represented in the Town of Perth’s brand “Heritage Perth” and tagline “Aged to Perfection!”.

Want a full history lesson on the Perth Military Settlement? Then check out the Perth and District Historical Society‘s Website. The Society’s website provides detailed historical accounts of the region as well as photo galleries showcasing Perth’s lifetime.

You can also learned of our shared history by visiting the Ardoch Algonquin First Nation website at www.aafna.cathe Shabot Obaadjiwan Algonquin First Nation website at and the Algonquins of Ontario at

Better yet, get an in-person experience by visiting the Perth Museum at 11 Gore St. in downtown Heritage Perth!


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